Research by a North East University has found there are complex reasons behind the very low percentage of women working in the Cybersecurity industry. Yet women could be the key to overcoming the shortage of skilled workers required to combat the growing threat of online crime.
Dr Donna Peacock, Programme Leader BSc (Hons) Sociology at the University of Sunderland has collaborated with Professor Alastair Irons, the University’s academic dean of Computer Science on research to understand and explain gender inequality in Cybersecurity. A total of 219 individuals working in the sector, in the UK and beyond, completed an online survey, and the paid used these responses as the basis of their research paper, which is due to be published imminently.
At only 11%, the proportion of females in information security globally has been found to be even lower than is found in other ICT professions (15%), despite there being no gender-specific requirements to work in the Cybersecurity industry.
Dr Donna Peacock commented: “The small percentage of women with careers in the Cybersecurity industry find the work challenging, stimulating, exciting, and well paid. Yet what our research has shown is that even young women and girls are being put off this industry at school, by family members and by careers advisors.
“Security and computing are both seen as male professions, even though there is no logical reason for this. Our research suggests that the sector tends to attract men with a background in security or law enforcement and an interest in computing; or men who are into gaming and computers, with an interest in security, possibly through experience of hacking. The industry uses male language and there’s a perception among businesses and even clients that men are better at this work. “
The research found that women are not considering Cybersecurity as a career because schools, careers advisors and family members are not suggesting it as a potential opportunity. Family encouragement is much more important to females, with 24.6% agreeing that they are influenced by their family, with only 9.6% of males agreeing.
“The outcome is that if women do move into Cybersecurity later on they do so at a lower grade – and then are harder to retain due to perceived differences in opportunities, worth and progression. Yet there is no reason that women cannot be trained to the same level as men and indeed that they may have different skills that will be beneficial to tackling cyber crime.”
The research paper concluded: There is an under-representation of women in Cybersecurity jobs; addressing this issue will contribute to tackling the number of unfilled vacancies in the sector. This is of importance to the industry and to society in order to deal with the growing threat posed by cybercrime. Perhaps more importantly, it is a matter of social justice that there should be equality of opportunity in access to and progression within a well paid and intellectually stimulating work environment.
Dr Donna Peacock concluded: “The Crime Survey for England and Wales estimates that there were 2 million instances of cybercrime experienced by victims in the 12 months to March 2016, and the National Crime Agency (2016) estimating that cyber crime is costing the UK economy is billions of pounds per annum – and growing. Cyber crime is growing and we are a greater, more diverse workforce –attracting a far higher percentage of women to a career in Cybersecurity would be a great start.”