Every UI designer learns Adobe XD to make user interfaces with interactivity. And it is really an amazing tool to learn if you are planning to make a career in the field of UI designing.  Adobe XD is a vector UI application.

A glimpse of its history: Adobe XD was first announced for designing and prototyping with the name “Adobe Comet” in the year of 2015. It was then released for macOS in March 2016 and for Windows in December of the same year. It got its real name that we all know today in the year 2017.

Talking about its features; we have numerous to add to the list, from creating wireframes of webpages to designing stunning mock-ups in no time. It is also good at adding interactivity with the help of a prototype.

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Now, we are coming on the topic.

Grid layout prepares the foundation of the UI in XD. We need to follow it to maintain consistency across different layouts and to make a fast design. A grid gives good control in alignment and it also helps us in defining the layout for different screen sizes.

Grid in XD has 3 primary components: column, gutter, and margin.

Columns

In Adobe XD the column is imaginary. Actually, they are vertical blocks. It is used for the alignment of the contents. We define the column width in percentage (%) for a fixed value.

Gutter

Gutters are spaces between the columns. Gutter help to keep a separation between the content. We always define the width of the gutter as fixed values.

Margin

Margins are the space between the content and the edges of the artboards. The side margin of widths is fixed as the value that decides the breathing space in every screen size.

A flexible margin is a remaining space between the left side after composing a grid with the help of a column, gutter, and the third is side margin.

The flexible margin is changed as per the different-different screen size.

Breakpoint

A breakpoint is the range of screen size where the layout is re-adjust for the available screen size to view the best layout that makes.

Column structure, column width, gutter width, and the margin depend upon the breakpoint. Containers stack or scale as per the different breakpoints for the best possible view.

A column resizes the scale down smaller screen that has sufficient available space to fit the content. Column stacks vertically content cannot fit with the available screen at the smaller screen.

A Grid functions in three different ways across different breakpoints.

Fixed Grids

The fixed grid has fixed-width and flexible margins.

Fluid or Full-Width Grids

The fluid grid has fluid-width columns, fixed gutter, and fixed side margins. The fluid grid has flexible content width. The flexible content width goes the edge to edge as depend as the screen size. In the fluid grid, the column grows or shrinks to the available space.

Hybrid Grid

The Hybrid Grid have both flexible and fixed width component.

A few elements completely bleed-off grid and the aligned edge to edge on that screen. Header and footers, visible containers or images are a few common examples.

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