The two most common types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. The difference between the two is very minimal. Type 1 diabetes occurs when your body doesn’t make any insulin, instead your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that makes insulin. This particular diabetes is normally diagnosed in children and young adults, but is still possible to appear at any age.

As for type 2 diabetes, this is when your body finds it hard to produce insulin. Anyone at any age is able to develop this particular type of diabetes. A common conception is that type 2 diabetes only affects people who are overweight, but 20% of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are considered healthy. Whilst type 2 is commonly found in people aged 45 and older, it’s becoming a lot more common in young adults and children, making it 90% of all diabetes cases worldwide.

Gestational diabetes can develop in women who are pregnant and normally disappears after the baby is born, but it can actually increase the chances of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Some other less common types of diabetes include monogenic diabetes which is a type of inherited diabetes and cystic fibrosis related diabetes.

How common is diabetes?

In the UK, there’s an estimated over 4 million people diagnosed and undiagnosed living with diabetes which represents 1 person every 16 having this disease. Whereas in the US as of 2015, 30 million people had diabetes which equates to just less than 10 percent.

Diabetes can cause some significant problems internally such as:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Kidney disease
  • Eye problems
  • Dental disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Foot problems

These problems don’t always occur but there are steps you can take to reduce the chance of developing these health-related problems which can be provided by your health professional.

Symptoms of diabetes

There are numerous ways to recognise type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and the most common symptoms are as follows:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent or increased urination
  • Excessive hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision

If you experience any of these symptoms on a regular basis it’s best to talk to a doctor as they can recommend the correct treatment and tests for diabetes. They will provide you with the information you need and the next best steps for you to take to ensure that the diabetes in maintained and controlled to the best standard possible.

When being diagnosed, you need to ensure that the medical professional who is procuring your treatment is providing you with the duty of care that they are enlisted to do. If at any point you believe that they have dipped below a reasonable standard of care or possibly misdiagnosed you, you may be able to claim for compensation. You’ll be able to contact medical experts who will provide you with advice to whether you have a claim or not.