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First World War Tommy’s life-saving prayer book donated to the DLI Collection


Sep 12, 2016

A soldier’s prayer book, which saved his life, has become the latest donation to the DLI Collection.

First World War Durham Light Infantryman Tommy Crawford was just a teenager when he charged into a German trench, only to see his rifle jam.

Bayonetted in the chest, it seems someone was smiling down on the young squaddie, as the blade struck a silver cigarette case and the spiritual tome he carried in his top pocket.

Yet the incredible tale does not end there – When corporal Crawford was wounded on the Somme, the lucky book – like tens of thousands of men – was lost to the mud of the battlefield.

However somehow it was found, picked up, and returned home to the Consett man’s sweetheart Amy Boast.

Now, 36 years after Tommy’s death, his son Brian has travelled all the way from Thailand to donate the prayer book – which has a bayonet hole through it – handwritten accounts of the war, the young soldier’s poems, medals and a “King’s shilling” given to him on joining the army, so they are available for school children, students and researchers to enjoy.

“My father, Tommy Albert Crawford, served in the 15th Battalion DLI during the First World War,” said Brian.

“He was just 18 years old when he joined the army and during his time in service he fought in battles at Loos and the Somme.

“He was very lucky to survive the war as he charged into a German trench, his rifle jammed and a young German bayoneted him in the chest. Fortunately, the bayonet entered his silver cigarette box and then went half way through a prayer book that he carried in the same pocket. My father’s friend shot the German dead.


“Incredibly, when my father fell injured on the Somme on July 1 1916, he lost his prayer book but somehow it was found and returned to his sweetheart Amy, who he later married.

“It’s amazing to think there are over 70,000 names of the missing on Thiepval memorial, but this little prayer book found its way home.”

Discharged from the army on medical grounds, Tommy returned to the North East of England.

Widowed at a young age when Amy died of cancer, he then lost his two sons, Tommy and Jack, in their early 30's to cancer and polio, within six months of each other.

He re-married, to Vera, and had two more sons, Brian and Colin – though Colin died six months before his father, aged just 25.

Since his death at the age of 84, Tommy’s memoirs – which were written while working night shifts as an engineer at a Scottish power station– have been published to raise money for the Commonwealth Graves Commission.

But Brian wants to make sure that his father’s effects and experiences are available to the widest possible audience, and has presented them to the DLI Collection, which is stored and accessible to the public at Durham County Council’s Sevenhills in Spennymoor.

“We have a duty towards these men and to honour those who served, to remember those who died, and to ensure that the lessons learnt live with us forever” said Brian.

The donated documents will be digitised and transcribed early next year. They will also be available to view at Sevenhills, with pre-bookable viewings and an “on demand” service every Tuesday and Thursday, from 10am to 3pm, from 11 October.

For more information or to book a viewing email DliCollectionEnquiries@durham.gov.uk.

And for more stories of County Durham and its people during the First World War visit Durham County Record Office’s Durham at War website, www.durhamatwar.org.uk.

By Emily