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Things you did not know about Northumberland


Apr 21, 2023

Northumberland is known as the northernmost county in England, with a population of just over 300,000 people. While it might be known for its famous castle and stunning coastline, there are many things about Northumberland that people might not know. Here are just a few of them.

The ‘Flow Country’

Northumberland is home to the ‘Flow Country’, a vast expanse of peatland that stretches across over 400,000 hectares. This is an area of unique biodiversity, with rare birds, plants, and mammals found nowhere else in the world. It is also one of the largest carbon stores in the UK, making it an important area for combatting climate change. In recognition of this, the Flow Country was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2021, joining the likes of Stonehenge and the Tower of London.

The Holy Island of Lindisfarne

Northumberland is home to the Holy Island of Lindisfarne, an important religious site that dates back to the 7th century. Perched on a rocky island off the coast, the site was home to a flourishing center of learning and religious life in the Middle Ages. Today, visitors can explore the ruins of the medieval priory, which was once home to a community of monks. The island is also known for its stunning views, with the castle and coastline providing a picturesque backdrop.

The Alnwick Garden

The Alnwick Garden is one of Northumberland’s most popular attractions, attracting over 300,000 visitors a year. The garden is home to a range of unique features, including the largest treehouse in Europe and the Poison Garden, which houses a range of deadly plants. Visitors can also enjoy stunning water features, like the Grand Cascade, and explore the garden’s many nooks and crannies. The Alnwick Garden is a great destination for families, with a range of activities and events throughout the year.

The Baconsthorpe Castle

Northumberland is home to a range of castles, including some of the most famous in the country. But one lesser-known gem is the ruins of Baconsthorpe Castle, a 15th-century fortified manor house. The castle was once home to a powerful medieval family, but fell into disrepair over time. Today, visitors can explore the ruins, which are located in a peaceful rural setting. The ruins are a great place to get a sense of the history of Northumberland, and to enjoy the stunning countryside.

The Northumberland National Park

The Northumberland National Park covers over 1,000 square kilometers of stunning countryside, including the highest point in the county, The Cheviot. The park is home to a range of rare wildlife, including wildcats, otters, and black grouse. Visitors can explore the park’s many walking routes, which take in everything from rugged hills to moorland and bogs. The park is a great place to enjoy the outdoors, with opportunities for cycling, horse-riding, and fishing also available.

The Berwick-upon-Tweed

Northumberland’s most northerly town, Berwick-upon-Tweed, has a unique history. The town has changed hands between England and Scotland over a dozen times throughout its history, making it a place of strategic importance. Today, the town remains an important cultural hub, with a thriving arts scene and plenty of independent businesses. Visitors can explore the town’s many historic landmarks, including the Elizabethan walls and the iconic Old Bridge. There are also a range of events throughout the year, including the annual Berwick Film and Media Arts Festival.

The Black Middens Bastle House

Northumberland is home to a range of fascinating historic sites, including the Black Middens Bastle House. This small stone building dates back to the 16th century, and was originally used as a fortified farmstead. Today, visitors can explore the ruins, which are located in a stunning rural setting. The site is a great place to get a sense of the history of Northumberland’s farming community, and to imagine what life was like in the past.

The Railways of Northumberland

Northumberland has a rich railway history, with several historic lines still in operation today. The North Tyne railway line, for example, is a narrow-gauge heritage railway that runs through some of the county’s most stunning countryside. The line was originally used to transport timber and lead, but now carries passengers on a nostalgic journey through the hills. Other historic lines, like the Aln Valley Railway and the heritage line at Tanfield, are also well worth a visit.


From the vast peatland of the Flow Country to the historic ruins of Baconsthorpe Castle, Northumberland has a wealth of fascinating attractions waiting to be explored. Whether you’re interested in history, nature, or culture, there’s something for everyone in this unique corner of England.

By admin