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The Ultimate Guide to Becoming a Solicitor: SQE Explained

ByDave Stopher

Jun 18, 2024

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Understanding the Solicitors Qualifying Examination (SQE)
  • The Pathway to Qualification
    • Academic Stage
    • SQE1: Functioning Legal Knowledge
    • SQE2: Practical Legal Skills
    • Qualifying Work Experience (QWE)
    • Character and Suitability Assessment
  • Benefits of the SQE Route
  • Challenges and Tips for Success
  • Conclusion


Embarking on the journey to become a solicitor in the United Kingdom is a significant and fulfilling decision. The introduction of the Solicitors Qualifying Examination (SQE) has revolutionised the qualification process, offering a more streamlined and accessible path. This comprehensive guide aims to explain everything you need to know about the SQE and how it can help you achieve your goal of becoming a solicitor.

Understanding the Solicitors Qualifying Examination (SQE)

The Solicitors Qualifying Examination (SQE) is a centralised assessment introduced by the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) to ensure a uniform standard for qualifying as a solicitor in England and Wales. The SQE replaces the traditional routes of the Legal Practice Course (LPC) and Training Contract, providing a more flexible and inclusive pathway.

The SQE consists of two main parts: SQE1 and SQE2. SQE1 tests your functioning legal knowledge through multiple-choice questions, while SQE2 assesses your practical legal skills through various practical exercises. Additionally, candidates must complete two years of Qualifying Work Experience (QWE) and meet the SRA’s character and suitability requirements.

The Pathway to Qualification

Academic Stage

The first step towards becoming a solicitor is obtaining a degree. A law degree is the most direct route, but graduates from other disciplines can enrol in a conversion course, such as the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL), to acquire the necessary legal knowledge.

Key Points:

  • Law Degree: Typically a three-year undergraduate programme.
  • Non-Law Graduates: Complete a conversion course (e.g., GDL).
  • Accredited Institutions: Ensure your degree or conversion course is recognised by the SRA.

SQE1: Functioning Legal Knowledge

SQE1 is designed to assess your legal knowledge through two multiple-choice exams. These exams cover a wide range of legal areas, including:

  • Business Law and Practice
  • Dispute Resolution
  • Contract Law
  • Tort Law
  • Property Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Constitutional and Administrative Law
  • EU Law

Preparation Tips:

  • Study Materials: Invest in comprehensive study guides and textbooks.
  • Mock Exams: Practise with mock exams to familiarise yourself with the format.
  • Study Groups: Join or form study groups for collaborative learning.

SQE2: Practical Legal Skills

SQE2 focuses on assessing your practical legal skills through various exercises, including written and oral assessments. These practical assessments test your ability to apply legal knowledge in real-world scenarios and include:

  • Client Interviews
  • Advocacy
  • Case and Matter Analysis
  • Legal Research
  • Legal Writing
  • Legal Drafting

Preparation Tips:

  • Practical Experience: Gain hands-on experience through internships or work placements.
  • Training Providers: Enrol in courses offered by accredited training providers.
  • Feedback: Seek feedback on your performance to identify areas for improvement.

Qualifying Work Experience (QWE)

Candidates must complete two years of Qualifying Work Experience (QWE), which can be undertaken in up to four different legal settings. This practical experience is crucial for developing the skills needed for a successful legal career.

Key Points:

  • Flexibility: QWE can be undertaken at various stages of your education and training.
  • Approved Settings: Work must be supervised by a solicitor or approved employer.
  • Documentation: Keep detailed records of your work experience and get it signed off by your supervisor.

Character and Suitability Assessment

The final stage of the qualification process involves meeting the SRA’s character and suitability requirements. This assessment ensures that all solicitors uphold high ethical and professional standards.

Key Points:

  • Disclosure: Declare any issues that might affect your suitability to practise law.
  • Good Character: Demonstrate integrity, honesty, and professionalism throughout your training and career.

Benefits of the SQE Route

The SQE route offers several significant advantages over the traditional LPC and Training Contract pathway:

  • Accessibility: The SQE provides a more inclusive route, allowing candidates from diverse backgrounds to qualify as solicitors.
  • Flexibility: Candidates can complete QWE at various stages and in different settings, making it easier to gain practical experience.
  • Standardisation: The centralised assessment ensures consistent standards across all candidates, promoting fairness and transparency.

Challenges and Tips for Success

While the SQE route offers many benefits, it also presents challenges. Here are some tips to help you navigate the process successfully:

  • Time Management: Balancing study, work, and personal commitments can be challenging. Create a study schedule and stick to it.
  • Resources: Utilise a variety of study resources, including textbooks, online courses, and study groups.
  • Support Network: Surround yourself with supportive peers, mentors, and professional networks.
  • Continuous Learning: Stay updated with the latest legal developments and continuously improve your skills and knowledge.
  • Self-Care: Maintain a healthy work-life balance to avoid burnout.


The SQE route to becoming a solicitor offers a modern and accessible pathway for aspiring legal professionals. By understanding each stage of the process and preparing thoroughly, you can navigate the journey with confidence and achieve your goal of becoming a qualified solicitor. Remember, success in the legal profession requires dedication, resilience, and a commitment to continuous learning and professional development. Embrace the challenges and opportunities that come your way, and you’ll be well on your path to a rewarding legal career.